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Web Design: Where to Start or How to Create a Website Without Going Crazy

how to create a modern website

Modern web design can be a challenging task, but it doesn’t have to be as daunting as some design coaches may make it seem. Great UI/UX design is an essential element of creating a strong brand identity and effectively conveying information to users worldwide. While the design process can be long and arduous, it is crucial to take it seriously to ensure that the end product meets your expectations and provides a positive user experience.

Although the design process may be frustrating and exhausting, it doesn’t have to be an unpleasant experience. It’s common to feel overwhelmed and annoyed with the countless variations of main pages and contact information blocks, but by implementing the advice in this article, the final design will surpass your expectations and make you proud of the hard work you’ve invested.

Let’s begin this design journey with a positive attitude and a willingness to learn how to make web design and implement new ideas. By doing so, we can create a website that accurately represents our brand and provides a user-friendly experience for visitors.

Understanding Website Design: What it is, Why it Matters, and What’s Included

What is website design? Before delving into the specifics, it’s vital to distinguish between web and graphic design. While graphic design mainly focuses on the visual form of a product, web design encompasses all elements of website operation, including the visual and outer parts.

In essence, website design involves developing, arranging, and organizing content and graphic elements in a way that ensures the functionality and integrity of the digital product. This process includes not only graphic design but also UX/UI design, web development, search engine optimization, and other areas. The goal is to create a solution that is operational, user-friendly, and visually appealing.

So, why is website design crucial? With most information acquired online, a website represents your company’s first impression to potential customers. An effective web design should make users want to explore the content, build trust between you and your customers, and promote your brand as a valuable addition to the market.

When searching for web design services, it’s not just about the visual aspect. Custom website design, logo design, animation and video development, search engine and conversion rate optimization, website hosting, and web maintenance are all services that can be included in a web design package.

Now that we understand what website design is and why it’s essential, let’s delve into the elements that constitute a successful web design.

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A Comprehensive Guide to Web Design Elements: How to Create a Visually Appealing and Functioning Website

When it comes to web design, there are numerous elements to consider. Some focus on the visual aspects of the design, while others concentrate on the technical side of things. Each of these elements plays a significant role in enhancing a website’s performance and ensuring that it is consistent and compatible with various devices and platforms. In this guide, we’ll break down these elements into two groups: visual and functional.

Visual Elements of Web Design

The visual elements of web design work together to create a captivating and exciting website that potentially leads to more conversions and better user retention.

#Overall Layout

The website’s overall layout is the first thing that grabs users’ attention. It is crucial to arrange the content on the web page carefully. Users make quick decisions about staying on a website or not, so it’s essential to make the best first impression possible.


Text is an integral part of any website. The font you choose to communicate your message can be the deciding factor for your product. The optimal option for designers is to choose a typeface that reflects the brand’s unique attributes without being too intricate or accentuated.


The color scheme is one of the significant website design elements. Focus on tying your color scheme with your brand message and overall design, if you have it established. Make sure you are aware of your target audience’s behavior and expectations.


Spacing between different elements on the website allows for better comprehension of the information, especially when dealing with text. It also creates a specific flow that designers want users to go through when accessing the website. Consistency is vital when using blank space.


Shapes serve as a graphic design tool that can liven up content in unexpected ways. Shapes can be a defining web design element when approached creatively.


Images and icons can change the tone of your brand voice and attract new visitors while increasing conversion rates. A unique set of illustrations or images can provide a unique visual experience.


Videos can be a descriptive element that refreshes the page and adds personality to the website. However, they can detract from the overall layout and user experience, so they need to be informative.

Functional Elements of Web Design

While the visual elements of web design aim to attract users, the functional elements ensure optimal website performance, which is equally important. Here are the most critical functional elements to consider:


An effective navigation structure is integral for content-based websites. Without it, users may get lost and leave the website immediately. A sitemap is necessary for larger websites with many pages, and it should be easy to use and not overly complicated to avoid frustrating users.


Content is the primary reason users access your web product, so it needs to be informative, engaging, and easy to read. Make sure that the content is concise and coherent, with strict categorization, and tailored to the visual style of the website.


It’s essential to create a website that is compatible with various devices and platforms. Research your target audience’s digital behavior to optimize your product and expand your online presence in the future.


Call-to-Action (CTA) buttons are critical for eliciting user action. They should be visible and preferably of a contrasting color to attract users’ attention. The text on or near the button should be clear about its function to avoid confusion.

While this is not an exhaustive list of web design elements, it provides a foundation for ensuring that your website is an effective tool for promoting your business mission and attracting new customers.

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Principles of Effective Web Design

Designing a website involves more than just putting together visual and functional elements. Understanding how to use these elements to create an effective website is crucial. 

According to Krug’s three laws of usability, users are more likely to scan a website’s content rather than read it thoroughly. Therefore, web designers need to make sure their designs are clear, concise, and easy to navigate. This approach can help attract and retain users. Now, let’s explore other principles of web design that are vital to consider: 

  • #1 Adhere to a visual hierarchy: A well-designed website has a clear visual hierarchy that guides users through the content. Elements that are more important, such as CTAs and contact information, should be more visible than less significant elements.
  • #2 Aim for transparency: Your website’s design should not overshadow its content. Divide your content into blocks and create an impression that your platform is a cohesive entity made up of equally important parts.
  • #3 Be mobile-friendly: With the increasing number of mobile users, it’s vital to ensure that your website is mobile-friendly. Consider your target audience’s behavior and design your website to be flexible on all devices.
  • #4 Don’t be afraid of the imagery: Images and other visual elements can be a great tool for ensuring brand consistency and making your content more noticeable. Play around with icons, colors, shapes, and animations, but be careful not to overdo it.
  • #5 Do the testing: Usability testing is a crucial step in ensuring that your website is failure-free. Our designer Tanya points out: “an important thing to keep in mind is that one test is rarely enough: be ready to get back to the issue several times over, even after fixing it, because users were blocked off from dealing with this point in their user experience.” Thus, it’s vital to test your website multiple times to catch any design mistakes and make sure that users have a seamless experience. 
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Exploring Different Types of Web Design: Responsive, Adaptive, and Mobile-First

When designing a website, one of the first things to consider is how and where it is going to work. There are various types of websites out there, but most commonly they are divided into responsive, adaptive, and mobile-first designs. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages, and picking a suitable option depends on the behavior of your target audience, your own resources, and experience.

Responsive Design

Responsive design allows websites to adjust their layout to match the requirements of the device being used. They have flexible grids that can create custom websites at every screen size, ensuring that the content is presented identically across all devices without losing anything important in transition. Responsive websites are cost-effective, easy to maintain, and great for SEO. However, they aren’t quick to develop.

Adaptive Design

Adaptive design is based on the idea that several layouts can fit each screen, taking into account the technical differences between them. Unlike responsive websites, adaptive ones can’t operate on any device, and they’re not easily modified. However, due to the simplicity of implementation and lack of complex code, adaptive websites are usually faster.

Mobile-First Design

Mobile-first design involves creating pages specifically for mobile devices, then scaling them up for larger screens if necessary. With the increase in mobile usage, this method is becoming more common. Mobile-first design results in condensed, fast-loading pages that are easy to develop. However, incorporating animations, videos, or complex content can be challenging due to the compressed and concise format.

Choosing the right type of web design depends on the behavior of your target audience, your resources, and experience. Understanding the differences between responsive, adaptive, and mobile-first designs can help you create a website that fulfills your needs and attracts new customers.

Web Design Tools: A Comprehensive Overview

The world of web design is constantly evolving, with new tools emerging to help designers create visually appealing and highly functional websites. Here are the top five web design tools, as of 2023, that every designer should consider using to elevate their design game:

01 Adobe XD

Adobe XD is a widely used web design tool that combines the power of Adobe’s ecosystem with a user-friendly interface. It is an all-in-one tool for designing, prototyping, and sharing web and mobile app designs. Key features include vector design, wireframing, auto-animate, responsive resize, and support for plugins. Adobe XD also offers seamless integration with other Adobe products like Photoshop and Illustrator, as well as collaboration features for real-time co-editing and feedback.

02 Sketch

Sketch is a popular vector-based design tool specifically built for UI and UX design. Its intuitive interface and powerful features have made it a favorite among web designers. Sketch offers a variety of tools for creating responsive designs, reusable components, and design systems. The Sketch Cloud allows for easy sharing of design files and collaboration with team members. The extensive plugin library adds extra functionality and helps streamline the design process.

03 Figma

Figma is a web-based design tool that has quickly gained popularity due to its real-time collaboration features and ease of use. As a browser-based tool, Figma allows designers to work from any device without needing to install software. It supports vector design, prototyping, and design components, making it a versatile choice for web designers. The built-in version control and team collaboration features make it an ideal choice for teams working on complex projects.

04 Webflow

Webflow is a powerful web design tool that allows designers to build responsive websites visually, without having to write code. It combines a visual design interface with a full-fledged CMS (Content Management System), making it easy for designers to create custom, dynamic websites. Webflow also provides hosting, so designers can quickly launch their projects. Its visual CSS grid, animations, and interactions make it possible to create unique, engaging designs without needing to rely on a developer.

05 InVision Studio

InVision Studio is a comprehensive design tool that allows designers to create interactive prototypes, animations, and responsive layouts. It is an excellent choice for creating high-fidelity prototypes and advanced animations. InVision Studio offers a range of collaboration features, such as shared design components, version control, and real-time feedback. Integration with InVision’s design management platform, InVision DSM, allows for seamless collaboration and design system management across teams.

These web design tools offer a combination of design, prototyping, and collaboration features that help designers create visually appealing and functional websites. Adobe XD, Sketch, Figma, Webflow, and InVision Studio are all powerful choices, each with its own unique strengths and capabilities. Ultimately, the right tool for a designer will depend on their specific needs, project requirements, and team dynamics.

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A Comprehensive Guide to the Web Design Process

Web design is an essential aspect of creating a successful online presence. Whether you’re launching a new website or redesigning an existing one, the process can be overwhelming. However, breaking it down into several stages can make it more manageable. 

Before delving into the web design process, it’s important to consider the benefits of hiring an agency for both design and development. This approach can offer several advantages, including:

  • Time efficiency – working with a single agency can be quicker as both teams work simultaneously and resolve possible issues.
  • Cost reduction – ordering multiple services from the same agency can result in discounts.
  • Better collaboration – when two teams know each other well, they can collaborate and identify potential issues early in the process, leading to better outcomes.

At our agency, we have experts in both design and development, ensuring seamless collaboration and the best possible results. Now, let’s move to the website design process:

Stage #1 Planning

Web design requires extensive pre-planning to identify goals, gather ideas, and conduct research. The first step is to determine the website’s objectives, both business and creative, to ensure clear communication with the web design team. Collaborating with the team to decide on the project scope, page requirements, features, and deadlines is important. Keep in mind that even with detailed research, last-minute changes and new hurdles can arise, so it’s crucial to remain flexible with deadlines and budget.

After identifying the project scope, the design team creates website design concepts, site maps, and even wireframes as the foundation for more complex structures. At this stage, the team also decides on web design software and resources needed for the project.

Stage #2 Design

At this stage, the design team implements everything gathered during the planning stage to create a clear website structure and visual representation. If the brand is new, the website will play a significant role in creating the brand identity. However, established brands need to ensure that the website aligns with their existing brand attributes, such as logos and color schemes.

The design process is not limited to creating mockups, imagery, and illustrations. The primary focus is on creating an intuitive and straightforward user experience that is accessible on multiple devices.

Stage #3 Development

During the development stage, developers build a framework or use a content management system (CMS) to load content provided by the client. They develop and test special features, ensuring that the website performs optimally. The main concerns during development are the impact of certain elements on loading speed and performance, and the security of user data. The team tests the website on a production server, removing all bugs and mistakes before launch.

Stage #4 Launch

Finally, the website is ready to go live. The design and development teams ensure that all elements are working correctly, and the user experience is up to par. Clients are welcome to participate in this quality assurance step, providing feedback as potential users. The team provides the client with all deliverables, including training and documentation.

Stage #5 Maintenance

Depending on the nature of the contract with the web design agency, the client can carry out website maintenance themselves or ask the agency to do it for them. Regardless, strong communication and commitment to continuing collaboration are essential. Clients can ask for technical support, updates, and modifications from the agency to keep their website up-to-date.

What You Need to Know About Web Design Costs

The cost of web design services varies depending on the type of website you want, the level of expertise you require, and the amount of time and resources you are willing to invest. We will discuss the different options available for web design and their respective costs.

Option 1: DIY Template

One way to save on web design costs is to use a pre-made website template. While there are free templates available, they may not offer the desired level of functionality and design customization you require. Additionally, the development process can be time-consuming and difficult if you do not have prior experience in how to make web design. This option is suitable for small businesses who are just starting out and want to test the waters.

Option 2: In-house Design Team

If you have an in-house design team, you can utilize their skills and expertise to create a website. However, they may lack certain areas of expertise, which may require additional resources from other departments or external parties. This option can be beneficial if you want more control over the design process and have a clear understanding of your business objectives.

Option 3: Freelancer

Hiring a freelance web designer can be a cost-effective option, but it may come with some limitations. Freelancers usually have niche specializations, so finding the right one for your business needs may be a challenge. Also, they may take longer to complete the project and may require additional resources from other parties to fulfill all your requirements.

Option 4: Web Design Agency

Working with a web design agency may be the most expensive option, but it is also the most efficient. Agencies have a team of experts in various fields who work collaboratively to create high-quality websites. This option is best for businesses who want a fully functioning website that is ready to launch on short notice. However, it is crucial to choose the right agency that aligns with your business objectives and can deliver the desired results.

Ultimately, the cost of web design services depends on your budget, time frame, and business objectives. It is essential to choose the right contractor that aligns with your requirements and can deliver high-quality results. Assessing the level of expertise, budget, and speed of delivery is crucial in making an informed decision. Ester Digital offers a range of web design services, including Creative Art Direction, logo creation, brand strategy development, and brand identity strengthening, to ensure your website and overall brand presence are cohesive and effective. Remember, it is better to pay wisely now than to pay twice later.

On a Final Note

In conclusion, building a successful brand requires more than just launching a website. It needs to be powerful and compelling, with a carefully planned out and properly implemented web design. Without it, maintaining and updating your website can become a time-consuming process.

The web design process can be hard work, but it’s worth it. It allows you to learn more about your brand, identify your strong points, and areas for improvement. Ultimately, with a powerful web design, you can build a brand that is lucrative for you and enjoyable for your customers.

If you still don’t know how to make web design, or you’re looking for a web design agency that can fulfill your needs without driving you insane, contact us today. We’ll help you create a website of your dreams and ensure that you remain sane throughout the process.

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